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Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Authors

Gabriel Tarde

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Gabriel Tarde

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Full Name: Jean-Gabriel de Tarde
Born: March 12, 1843
Sarlat-la-Caneda, Dordogne, France
Died: May 13, 1904
Paris, France
Occupation: Sociologist, Criminologist, Social Psychologist, Writer
Nationality: French


Gabriel Tarde (Jean-Gabriel De Tarde) was a French sociologist, criminologist and social psychologist who conceived sociology as based on small psychological interactions among individuals (much as if it were chemistry), the fundamental forces being imitation and innovation.

Tarde was born in Sarlat in the province of Dordogne, and he studied law in Toulouse and Paris. From 1869 to 1894 he worked as a magistrate and investigating judge in the province. In the 1880s he corresponded with representatives of the newly formed criminal anthropology, most notably the italians Enrico Ferri and Cesare Lombroso and the French psychiatrist Alexandre Lacassagne. With the latter, Tarde came to be the leading representative for a "French school" in criminology. In 1900 he was appointed professor in modern philosophy at the Collège de France. As such he was the most prominent contemporary critic of Durkheim's sociology.

Tarde also wrote a science-fiction novel entitled Underground Man. The plot is a post-apocalyptic story of an Earth destroyed by a new Ice Age. Humanity must rebuild a new civilization underground. The choice is made to lay the foundation of their utopia on music and art.

Works in the WWEnd Database

 Hyperion Classics of Science Fiction

 4. (1896)